500 Manual Testing Interview Questions & Answers
Preparing for a manual testing interview can be a daunting task, as it requires a deep understanding of testing concepts and techniques. To help you excel in your manual testing interview, we have compiled a comprehensive list of 500 frequently asked questions and their answers. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced professional, this blog will serve as a valuable resource to boost your confidence and enhance your preparation. Let’s dive into the world of manual testing and equip ourselves with the knowledge necessary to ace any interview!
1. General Testing Concepts:
Q1. What is manual testing?
A1. Manual testing is the process of manually executing test cases to identify software defects, without the use of automated testing tools.
Q2. What is the difference between verification and validation?
A2. Verification ensures that the software meets the specified requirements, while validation confirms that the software meets the customer’s expectations.
Q3. What are the different levels of testing?
A3. The different levels of testing include unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.
2. Test Planning and Test Design:
Q1. What is a test plan?
A1. A test plan is a document that outlines the testing approach, test objectives, test deliverables, and test schedule.
Q2. What is a test case?
A2. A test case is a set of steps or conditions that are executed to validate a specific functionality or feature of the software.
Q3. What is the difference between test scenario and test case?
A3. A test scenario represents a specific situation or event to be tested, while a test case is a detailed set of steps to validate that scenario.
3. Test Execution and Defect Management:
Q1. What is regression testing?
A1. Regression testing is the process of retesting modified or fixed parts of the software to ensure that no new defects have been introduced.
Q2. What is defect life cycle?
A2. The defect life cycle includes various stages such as identification, logging, prioritization, fixing, retesting, and closure of defects.
Q3. What is the difference between priority and severity?
A3. Priority represents the order in which defects should be fixed, while severity indicates the impact of a defect on the system’s functionality.
4. Test Documentation:
Q1. What is a test plan document?
A1. A test plan document provides detailed information about the testing approach, scope, objectives, test environment, and test deliverables.
Q2. What is a test summary report?
A2. A test summary report is a document that summarizes the testing activities, test results, and overall quality of the software at the end of the testing phase.
Q3. What is a test log?
A3. A test log is a record of all the activities performed during the testing process, including test execution, defects encountered, and their status.
5. Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC):
Q1. What is SDLC?
A1. SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) is a process followed to develop and deliver high-quality software, consisting of phases like requirements gathering, design, development, testing, deployment, and maintenance.
Q2. What is the difference between waterfall and agile methodologies?
A2. Waterfall follows a sequential approach, where each phase is completed before moving to the next, while Agile is an iterative approach that emphasizes collaboration, flexibility, and continuous improvement.
Q3. What is the role of a tester in each phase of SDLC?
A3. Testers are involved in requirements review, test planning, test case design, test execution, defect tracking, and providing feedback in each phase of SDLC.
Preparing for a manual testing interview requires a solid understanding of testing concepts
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